SOUKS

The Al-Ansaar Souk Durban

Question: As the month of December arrives, Radio Al-Ansaar has once more organized their Souk which is to be held in Durban from the 23rd December to the 2nd January. Please enlighten us in this regard as many holiday making Muslims in the Durban area attend the Souk. Many evils, Haraam and sins are done at the Souk. Was-Salaam.
 
Answer: The Hadith of Nabi (Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) answers your query satisfactorily: Nabi (Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:  “THE MOST BELOVED PLACES IN THE SIGHT OF ALLAH ARE THE MASAAJID, AND THE MOST DISLIKED PLACES IN THE SIGHT OF ALLAH ARE THE SOUKS (MARKETS and BAZAARS).” (Sahih Muslim)
We now represent few points prepared by Hazrat Moulan Yunus Patel (Rahmatullaahi alaih) few years ago regarding the Souks. This article was named ‘The souks of Shaitaan’. We will reproduce just 3 points of the article of Hazrat Moulana and offer our comment.   
 
Hazrat Moulana Yunus Patel (Rahmatullaahi alaih) wrote: In the name and guise of Deen, Muslims are being invited to ‘Fund-raising’ programs, lunches, dinners, pre-Ramadaan and Eid Fairs. Funds are being raised for Deeni projects in this manner. The context of these programmes is ‘Fun’ and ‘Entertainment’ which entails socializing. The Muslim is encouraged to bring along his wife, daughters, mother and sisters. Since this is in the name of Deen, people consider it as Ibaadah (worship), something virtuous.
 
Brief comment: This is a very dangerous matter for Muslims. Muslims are misled into believing that any event which is garbed in Islamic attire, names, banners and is hosted by Muslims and Muslim organizations (whether ‘Islamic’ TV channels, ‘Islamic’ radios, Muslim schools etc.) is encouraged to visit and participate in with the notion of ‘supporting’ that particular Islamic organization/group/radio station/TV channel etc., whereas from the time one enters to the time of his exit at such venues earns one the direct Curse of Allah Ta’ala.
Haraam which is organized by Muslims, Muslim organizations, Muslim radio stations, and they clothe it with Islamic banners and names, doubles the evil and Hurmat (prohibition) of attending such places. Why, because Muslims are now made to believe that everything in such events are Islamic, permissible and Halaal. The fact of the matter is not that, dear readers! The fact of the matter is that Shaitaan has succeeded in beautifying their misdeeds so that Haraam no more appears to be Haraam. In fact, Haraam is made and understood to be Halaal by many if not all the participants at such events and souks.
Let us now examine a few aspects which will take place at the Radio Al-Ansaar Souk:
Intermingling: Men and women will enter together, walk together and will be always together. We haven’t heard thus far of Al-Ansaar Souk providing separate facilities for men and women. We haven’t heard thus far of Al-Ansaar Souk arranging separate entrances, walkways, shops etc. for women. So where is Purdah, the great Law of the Shari’at? The Law which was told clearly to Nabi (Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) by Allah Ta’ala to command the Muslim women to don the Jilbaab. “O Nabi! Tell your wives, your daughters and the women of the Mu’mineen that they should wear their ‘Jalaabeeb’ (it is the plural of Jilbaab-translator) over themselves. This is best for their recognition so that they are not harmed.”
A Jilbaab is a loose garment which covers the entire body without revealing the shape of the body and which has only a little opening to allow the woman to see. If this was the command to our Nabi (Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) to ensure that his beloved wives and daughters-regarding whom not one Sahaabi will ever think wrong of-observe proper Hijaab, then where are we in our times in which lustful glances are the norm of such souks and fairs? Hence, any Muslim who is Purdah conscious will change his mind merely by this point if he had intentions of attending the Al-Ansaar Souk this year.
Merry grounds: The Al-Ansaar Souk arranges a merry ground for entertainment at their Souk. This year they are introducing an activity by the name of ‘Bag Jump’. Boasting this ride, they have advertised this as, “The first ever Al-Ansaar Souk Trade Fair”. On the advertisement on their website, they have a caption under this ride which reads, “Experience the Extreme”. They have also this written in their advertisement of this new ride, “0 to EXTREME WE DARE YOU”.
By introducing such rides and activities, a person becomes oblivious of the DESTROYER OF PLEASURES – death. Exactly what our Nabi (Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said 1400 years ago, “Remember often the destroyer of pleasures”, by which he meant death. We should try to implement this in our lives. Hence, by involving ourselves in activities which makes us negligent of this remembrance (the remembrance of Maut) is discouraged. Therefore, rides, merry grounds and activities which will be available at the Al-Ansaar Souk are discouraged by the Shari’at, whilst on the other hand they are dared by the Al-Ansaar!
Performers: These are individuals or groups who will entertain the crowd of Muslims – a crowd consisting of both, men and women! Some of the performers will be singers, comedians and the like. Whilst entertainment will be their game, the Qur’aan Majeed explicitly rebuffs their act. Repeatedly the Qur’aan Majeed calls out, “The life of this world is mere futility and play”, and, “Know that the life of this world is mere play, futility…” In other words, the enjoyment in this world is just temporary and without any benefit compared to that of the Hereafter.                    
Hazrat Moulana Yunus Patel (Rahmatullaahi alaih) writes, “The person is not going to make Taubah for this. He is not going to consider the intermingling and the socializing as sinful, because the event is promoted as something meritorious and ‘Halaal’, and because the invitation is from people and organizations that are representing Deen, and whom it is expected, would know better as to what is Haraam and Halaal.
‘What a kind of revolution! …That Ummah which detested Haraam, which stayed far from that which is doubtful, now has no fear indulging in Haraam.’
Even if an ‘Aalim is involved in such activities or endorsing such programmes and is seen at such venues, this does not make Haraam, Halaal. …This is the weakness of that ‘Aalim.”
Brief comment: Hazrat Moulana Yunus Patel (Quddisa Sirruhu) has mentioned a very important point. May Allah Ta’ala reward Hazrat Moulana and fill Hazrat Moulana’s Qabr with Noor.
One is a person who knows that he is sinning. This person will eventually understand that he is disobeying Allah Ta’ala. Hence, a time will come (Insha Allah) in his life that he will resort to Taubah. On the other hand, a person sins, but he doesn’t even know that he is sinning. When will he resort to Taubah if he regarded that sin not to even be a sin? (We are not saying that he will never make Taubah, Insha Allah the realization will one day come to his heart.) In the same way, when sin is given an Islamic name and attire, then when will the participants resort to Taubah if they considered their attendance at such Haraam places which were Halaalized not to be un-Islamic and Haraam?
The Souk is not the only such Halaalized event. There are many others, such as; Islamic ship cruise, Islamic radios, Islamic TV channels, Muslim school dinner eve, Muslim school golf day, Muslim school fun walks… and the list goes on. One will notice that such events are always attached with the word ‘Islamic’ or ‘Muslim’. We are discussing the Souk in this article since it is to be hosted in this month (December) in Durban by Radio Al-Ansaar.   
Thereafter, Hazrat Moulana Yunus Patel (Rahmatullaahi alaih) offered some words of advice…
‘IT IS NOT PERMISSIBLE TO BE PRESENT IN A GATHERING WHERE ALLAH TA’ALA IS BEING DISOBEYED.’
 
Mullah Ali Qaari (Rahmatullahi ‘alaih) has defined Hayaa (modesty) as : “The Haqeeqat (reality) of Hayaa is that your Maula (Your true Master) must not find you in that place which He has forbidden.” …Or indulging in that which He has forbidden.
 
 
Such events and functions bring one close to Zina (adultery). Allah Ta’ala says: “And come not near to Zina. Verily it is a shameful and evil path” [Surah Al- Isra 17 : 32]
 
Such functions promote Zina of the eyes, whereas it is from the Commandments of Allah Ta’ala that we lower our gazes from looking at ghair-mahareem. Allah Ta’ala addresses both the believing men and believing women: “Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from looking at that which is Haraam) and to be modest … And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at that which is forbidden) and to be modest and not to show off their beauty …[Surah Nur 24 : 29/ 30]
 
May Allah Ta’ala guide the Ummah in understanding the Deen correctly and give us the Tawfeeq not to participate in any such evil events and functions, Aameen.
 
“THE MOST BELOVED PLACES IN THE SIGHT OF ALLAH ARE THE MASAAJID, AND THE MOST DISLIKED PLACES IN THE SIGHT OF ALLAH ARE THE SOUKS (MARKETS and BAZAARS).”
Email: website@thejamiat.co.za
Jamiatul Ulama Gauteng 

THE SAINT OF JALALABAD – Part 3

​PREPARATIONS

As was his Ma’mool (daily practice), Hadhrat would take a walk after Fajr Salaah. Sometimes he would walk in the compound where the Majlis Khana was located. At other times he would stroll in the Majlis Khana itself.
It was the time when the people of the village would come and greet him. After a brief Salaam, they would amass precious Du’aas and leave with smiling faces. Only two or three Ustaads, a Khaadim or so, and Hadhrat’s son and son-in-law would be permitted to walk with him. Out of respect, they always walked a little behind him.
This is the time when Hadhrat Rahmatullahi Alayh would treat us with some informal conversation and discussion. As per the Sunnah, he would inquire of any new and events etc. which were taking place in the world or sometimes, the Tafseer of an Aayat or at other times just remain silent.
One morning, Hadhrat sadly remarked: “Aaj kal, Jaanwar jangal me ye bi kehte honge, ke: ‘E Insaan me tum se accha hu!’” (Nowadays, the animals in the jungle must be saying that ‘O humans, we are better than you!’)
This was said almost a quarter of a century ago when Hadhrat was simply flooded with the problems of people. At the time of Asr when he would stand up for Wudhu, he would forlornly observe: “Whichever letter I open, there is only grief, accept for a very few. From the morning till the evening, it’s only tales of sorrow that people narrate. At the end of the day, I am also human and thus I am affected.”
Once he mentioned to this writer: “In my entire life, I cannot recall ever sleeping after Fajr Salaah. Even when ill, I would merely lay down on the rug. But, I cannot remember ever getting back into bed. The air just before sunrise has the quality of making a person feel drowsy. However, this period and phase is very brief. Thereafter, all thoughts of sleep fade away.”
Allahu-Akbar, the age of seventy-five and no sleeping after Fajr. Illnesses and journeys, celebrations and grief, tiredness and fatigue – nothing moved him to cast aside his daily routine.
By Allah, Hadhrat was shy and modest. It was the duty of the Khaadims to decipher the meaning behind his words. For this, one had to have a ready ear and an even more willing heart.
Before allowing anyone into his personal Khidmat, Hadhrat would sum and assess him and subsequently train and teach him if he discerned any sincerity. However, anyone could not simply barge in and become a Khaadim. There was a system in place and that system would not tolerate any disturbances.
Being in the service of such Auliya is everyone’s wish and desire. However, plenty are the tests and trials which if one is not careful about, could ruin one’s Dunya and Aakhirah.
There is a famous saying: “To desire is easy but to maintain a relationship is difficult”. 
The summer of September 1986 was approaching to a close. A couple of geese were quacking their daily morning greetings. In an ever so nonchalant manner, Hadhrat, whilst strolling, suddenly stopped and looked at this writer: “Many heart felt letters have come from Pakistan, inviting me to attend the Siyaanatul-Muslimeen Jalsa. This organization promotes the teachings of my Sheikh Moulana Thanwi Rahmatullahi Alayh.”
 
(to be continued Insha-Allah)
Jamiatul Ulama Gauteng 

​THE SAINT OF JALALABAD – Series No.2

INTRODUCTION

Just as a blind person’s sense of joy is enhanced by the description of a sweet smelling flower, so too will a brief description of Hadhrat Moulana Maseehullah Rahmatullah Alayh undeniably increase the adoration of those who had the good fortune to meet him.
 
Envisage in the eye of your mind an extremely handsome person of about seventy years of age (this was at the time when this writer commenced his studies in Jalalabad). Fair in complexion, medium in height, light as a feather in weight without being skeletal, piercing grey-brown eyes with a tinge of a constant smile, a prominent slight-bridged nose, an average forehead which glittered with Nur, a full, well-kept white beard and a mouth from which the deliciousness of the sweetness of Allah Ta’aala’s Thikr continuously seemed to drip.
 
Add to the above the spectacle of a man who never allowed circumstances to overpower him, nor awe of anyone to overwhelm him. His was in engagement with the affairs of the creation, yet he remained in constant meditation of his Creator. Once he remarked to this writer:
“Alhamdulillah, even whilst asleep my heart is engrossed with Thikrullah.” Allahu Akbar!
 
Sometimes his silence would be worth volumes of unspoken words, and at other times his gestures, especially when conducting his Majlis (discourse), would seem as if he was summoning some celestial creation. Hard to believe, but his words were measured, weighed according to the scale of the listener’s intelligence, evaluated according to the occasion and spoken carefully with simplicity and clarity. Thus, his advice would leave a lasting impression!
 
If he observed Istiqaamat (steadfastness) in even the most seemingly trivial of actions such as making certain that his pen was in its appropriate place for as long as anyone could remember, then what must the condition of his Istiqaamat upon the Shariah and the Sunnah have been? From the age of twelve, he NEVER missed a single Tahajjud until his demise at the ripe old age of eighty-four! Nor did the piercing cold nights deter him from waking him up, nor the tiredness of lengthy travels, nor the grief upon the demise of his six sons.  
 
Kindness and compassion for the errant and the sinful was his trademark. Like a mother lamb who fearfully and desperately cries out for her little lost lamb somewhere in a valley teeming with wolves, so would he, in a heart wrenching tone cry out to his audience: “Ar-e bacho, bacho…” (O, children, save yourselves…). 
 
At other, times, out of sheer desperation at the seemingly hopeless situation of this fallen Ummah, he would sorrowfully and frantically lament:
“Kyaa kahu, kiss se kahoo, koyi sunne wala be to ho?” (What shall I say…to whom shall I speak to…is there even anyone out their listening.?)
 
Like the ocean, he would allow people to tap into his boundless kindness. Not only humankind, but even cats and cows, buffaloes and horses would graze from his gracious shores. The rights of the much abused dogs of the village were unscrupulously fulfilled in no less than that of others. Insha Allah specific incidents will be narrated at a later stage. On the Day of Qiyamah in the Divine Court of Allah Azza Wajal these animals will indeed bear witness to the Insaaniyat of the Saint of Jalalabad.
 
And then, there was the Hindu pundit who administered a temple. O yes, he had problems and worries. Who else did he turn to other than to the Saint of Jalalabad! He would heave away his sorrow to an ear which was ever willing to listen to his complaints and the mistreatment meted out to him by his community. The cold was killing him. He was an old man. He did not even possess a jersey. He was hungry. “Here is some money. Go buy something to keep yourself warm!” This is Islam – the True Islam. This is the Sunnah of Rahmatul Aalameen (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) – the True Sunnah. This was practical Daawah. So little was said, so much was done. Whether he accepted Islam or not it is not known. What is known is that the day the Janaazah of the Saint of Jalalabad was passing by, the Hindu pundit was seen sitting on the high boundary walls of his temple crying. Crying for the lost compassion and crying for a lost friend.
  
Indeed, Hadhrat’s stated policy of “No one comes to the door of this Faqeer crying and leaves accept laughing” was honoured until his very last days.
Every oppressed could approach him and find a willing shoulder to lean upon. Errant husbands were warned by their wives’ dare that they would inform Hadhrajee. This was enough to bring the husband to heel and to subdue the Shaytaan which overwhelmed him.   
 
Sincerity was his guide and his strength. Tolerance was his weapon by which many a foe was won over. Yes, when anyone attempted to temper with the Shariah, then he indeed would be as firm as a mountain. Tolerance would be displaced by a raging fire of Allah’s Love. There were occasions where he would simply walk alone in issues where the Shariah was violated. He cared not for the criticism of the sceptic, or the mockery of the cynic. And why should he care when he knew that he had His Allah on his side? And why should he care when he had totally annihilated himself in the Divine Love of Allah? 
 
Being from the family of Rasoolullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam merely drove him to a higher degree of observing intricate Sunnats. The Sunnah was his cloak and his mantle. Again, the numerous mind boggling adherence to the Sunnah of Sayyidina Muhammed Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam will be narrated elsewhere, Insha Allah. For now, suffice to know that time and again he was blessed with the vision of Rasoollullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam in his dreams. On a certain occasion, a person wrote to the Saint stating that that Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam had advised him in a dream to take bay’at at the hands of Moulana Maseehullah Rahmatullahi Alayh.
 
His mere smooth touch was electrifying, his smile was endearing and his sense of humour exhilarating. The more those who thought they knew him, the more they understood that they did not know him. A faithful friend to strangers and a sincere relative to travellers he was. Amongst the Mashaaikh of the time he was the Sheikh Abdul-Qadir Jilani, and amongst the Aabideen the Junaid Baghdadi. When with Ulama, he turned into a Ghazaali who easily spilled treasures of pearls of knowledge. His crown was his humble independence and his throne a treasured rug. He could relate to anyone at any given time – child or adult, rich or poor, ignorant or learned, politician or postmen. Like a glass of sweet water he was, transparent yet so very apparent.
 
“Was this Hadhrat Moulana Maseehullah Rahmatullahi Alayh not Allah’s gift unto us and The Ummah?”
“Yes”, would those who knew him reply unhesitatingly.
 
“Is there not a lesson for us in the compassion he had for one and all, even for non-Muslims? Is that life not much more worth living, which revolves around pleasing Allah and His Rasool Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam?” 
 
(to be continued Insha-Allah)
Jamiatul Ulama Gauteng 

​The Saint of Jalalabad – Series No.1

BISMILLAHIR-RAHMAANIR-RAHEEM

Preface

All praises are due unto Allah, Most High, who says in the Holy Qur’aan:

“Verily, Allah’s Auliya (Special friends), nor is there any fear upon them nor grief.” (Surah Yunus v.62)
Salutations upon Nabi Muhammed Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam who made Du’aa: “O Allah, make me a means for the defence of your Auliya and a warrior against your enemies.”
Such is the love which Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam had for the Auliya!

Just imagine the Noble Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam asking and pleading unto Allah Ta’aala to be given an opportunity to defend the illustrious souls of the Auliya. But who are the Auliya, these extraordinary persons, one may ask? The answer lies in the Holy Quraan:

“None other than the Muttaqeen are the Auliya of Allah Ta’aala but many people do not know”. (Surah Anfaal v. 34)

South Africans are no strangers to Auliya. We are indeed fortunate to have been blessed with regular visits by these special friends of Allah Ta’aala, especially from the Indo-Pak subcontinent. Amongst the stars of Auliya which graced our land and from whom many thirsty persons quenched their spiritual thirst, Hadhrat Moulana Maseehullah Rahmatullahi Alayh enjoys a huge degree of prominence. This is due to his repeated visits as well as his excellent disposition which attracted people like moths to him.
After his demise in 1992, the world was emptied from the physical presence of this great source of Blessings. There is a saying: “The Mashaaikh pass on but their advice lives on”. Thus it has always been the norm of this Ummah to record the history of the Friends of Allah Azza Wajal. Unlike the biographies of others, the recording of the episodes, occurrences, experiences and practices of the Auliya, is meant to draw one closer unto Allah Ta’aala. Much inspiration and encouragement is found in treading their path which they strode.
Upon the express instructions of certain Khulafa (representatives) of Moulana Maseehullah Rahmatullahi Alayh, both local and foreign, these few humble thoughts and memories have been put to pen. And yes, there then was an explicit instruction:
One day, Hadhrat unexpectedly looked at this writer and suddenly handed his black felt-pen to him. With a voice brimming with affection, he said: “Jo dil me aa-e, oes ko likhaa karo”. (What comes to your heart, write it). He then remained silent.
 
A few simple words strung together, perhaps. However, those who were acquainted with Hadhrat, will bear testimony that every word, every gesture, in fact, even the very silence of this Faithful Wali of Allah, brimmed with meaning and was filled with implications. Ignoring it completely was akin to disrespect.
Though almost three decades have passed since that fateful day, the words keep on ringing in the ears. The natural fear of incompetence and the possibility of the calamity of an evil gaze upon the writer’s intentions are but the least of concerns; the apprehension that the Nafs may wish to have a free ride for fame in Hadhrat’s stagecoach is much more worrisome. Just as there are many who live under “Guda ka Naam, apna kaam” (Allah’s Name is used in order to camouflage one’s own Nafsaani objectives), so too are there those who shelter under “Peer ka Naam, apna Kaam” (Take the peers name and get your job done).

May Allah Ta’aala save this writer from utilising Hadhrat’s name for any Nafsaani motives. (Ameen).
A rivulet cannot explain the power of an ocean; nor a faltering candle the awesome light of the sun. A cat cannot imitate the roar of a mighty lion, nor can a beggar display the majesty of a king. The mere thought of writing a few words about the life and times of a Wali such as Moulana Maseehullah Rahmatullahi Alayh, is in itself, overwhelming.

This booklet is based upon a personal experience which took place in September 1986 when Allah Ta’aala blessed me with the immense Ni’mat of being in his service whilst travelling to Pakistan. Though twenty long years have passed, yet, the memories of those days are as fresh as a daisy. Three decades have not diminished the lessons which could be derived from that epic journey.
Not only will the journey be presented once a week or as time permits, but, any other aspect of Hadhrat’s life which comes to mind. Readers are requested to bear with patience the many shortcomings which may occur in this chronicle. Insha-Allah, they will be amply rewarded by Allah Most High.

Duaa’s are humbly requested for its acceptance in the Court of Allah Most High. (Ameen)
Jamiatul Ulama Gauteng 

​ALLAHUAKBAR! A MUST READ! Hazrat Moulana Yunus Patel Saheb (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) Running a Business

A First Hand Experience in Running a Business[1]

It was around 1971, when my late father-in-law went for hajj. He was away for four months. In that time I managed his business. Although I had absolutely no experience about business, with the fadhl (grace) of Allah Ta‘ala, I ran the business, during those four months, in a manner that not only benefited my father-in-law, but which became an example for the people of the town also. Alhamdulillah.

The daily routine that was adopted, the set up in the business and the manner of interaction with customers is being outlined and shared, as a lesson. Insha-Allah, that experience will be a means of people, especially businessmen, channeling their efforts towards prioritising deen over dunya and giving preference to earning the Aakhirah (Hereafter) over the chase for money and material commodities. The love for dunya and attaching one’s heart to it inevitably brings destruction to a person’s deen. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said: “Two hungry wolves let loose on a flock of sheep cannot cause as much destruction to the flock as the damage that one’s greed for wealth and fame can inflict upon one’s deen.”[2]

The timetable, whilst running the business, was as follows:

After the fajr salaah it was my practice to recite Yaseen Shareef and other azkaar. Thereafter I would proceed to the shop. I used to open the shop at around 8:30 a.m.

Business and Salaah

There is no doubt that during business hours, there is a demand for hard work. You have to buy, sell and keep up with everything else related to the business. You cannot just let things be and expect a business to prosper. For those few hours, you have to make the effort and work hard. However, if the zuhr azaan was at 1 p.m., then from 12:30 p.m. we started arranging for the customers to leave the shop, so that by 12:45 or 12:50 the last customers could leave and we could be in the musjid before the azaan. Alhamdulillah, the same procedure was adopted for ‘asr salaah.

After the zuhr salaah, I would go home for lunch, and then return to the shop to continue with business. On a Friday, I used to travel from Richmond to Pietermaritzburg or Ixopo for jumu‘ah. The shop remained closed until my return. Alhamdulillah, this is how we managed and operated the business in those months.

On Saturdays, it was extremely busy in that small town. All the buses and cars, transporting hundreds of people, would stop just outside the shops. The people would just go on buying and buying. Because of my routine with regard to closing for zuhr salaah, some of the town’s people commented: “Now we will see what happens. All the shops remain open during zuhr time on Saturdays – not one closes in this busy time.”

However, I kept up to my routine. I finished off between 12:30 p.m. and 12:45 p.m. and went to the musjid. Alhamdulillah, when I came back from salaah, the customers were there, waiting. Alhamdulillah, this set an example for others to also close for zuhr on a busy day as well.

I have mentioned previously that the non-Muslims also run businesses – and big businesses. They have clear notices at their entrances detailing their business hours and times for the entire week, such as Monday to Friday, Saturday, Sunday, public holidays, etc. Anyone who wants to purchase anything from these stores knows and understands that they will have to get there in those hours only. The customers work around their own activities and responsibilities, and they get there in time, to buy whatever they want to. So… why can we not have our salaah times also detailed on our notices? Why can we not close for salaah? Why do we distrust the promise of Allah Ta‘ala? If someone wants to purchase something, he will know the hours of business and will come in those hours. This personal experience that I am relating to you proves this.

Business and Customers

As for the items that were being sold; if there was something in the shop, which in my opinion was not proper to sell, I gave it away or sold it under the cost price. If it was more doubtful than halaal, then I just gave it away.

There were customers who would buy bread, milk, sugar, and other necessities. Some of them were extremely poor. They would tell me what they wanted. However, when they opened their purses, I could see that they did not have enough money. They used to count the coins they had and sometimes they would have to leave out some items due to insufficient money. It was obvious that the person was a very poor person. One could clearly see their poverty. Some would also mention their plight: they were struggling to make ends meet, they had no job and had three or four children to take care of, etc. Their destitution and need was evident. …In this way, I got to know about their lives and the hardships some of them faced.

So I would ask: “How much do you have?”

If the person had R10 – and in that time R10 was a lot of money – I would then look at the total cost for the groceries that had been taken. If it was, for example, R12, I would say: “Take the whole thing and keep your R10 too.”

Upon hearing this, often that old lady or old man would actually start jumping around to express their happiness and appreciation. They would then go and bring more customers and come again. Obviously the situation nowadays is different. I am not saying that you should just give away everything to everyone. What will be left of the business? However, there are still many genuinely poor people. As Muslims, we should show mercy, compassion and leniency towards them. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) gave du‘aa to such a person: “May Allah have mercy on a man who is lenient when selling, buying, and seeking repayment.”

When my father-in-law returned, the neighbour said to him: “Your son-in-law must have run you bankrupt because the shop was more closed than opened!”

I told my father-in-law: “Don’t worry. Have a rest first, for two or three days.”

When I gave him the books and the money, there was a 25% to 30% increase in business. He even asked in surprise: “How did that happen?”

Alhamdulillah, at least I can say from the mimbar that it is not just something theoretical. It is something that was practical and it was experienced while being ‘hands-on’ in running a business. People say: “What do the ‘aalims know about business! They always talk theory. Do this, do that, don’t do this, don’t do that…” Here was a 30% increase in business, in lesser time, and with the salaah performed on time in the musjid. Alhamdulillah, there was no lying, no stealing, no cheating and no deceiving anybody. …The staff used to repeatedly say: “We wish you stay in this business full time.”

Alhamdulillah, I make shukr to Allah Ta‘ala for these are incidents – since it offered some inspiration and incentive to the businessmen there.

May Allah Ta‘ala grant us all the taufeeq of doing business in a manner which is most pleasing to Allah Ta‘ala, and which will be a means of great rewards and goodness, in both worlds.

 

[1] Taken from an informal majlis

[2] Tirmidhi #2482
Al Haadi South Africa 

Qadha of I’tikaaf

Q: If ones sunnat i’tikaaf broke, is it necessary to make qadha of the entire ten days I’tikaaf or just the day the i’tikaaf broke?

A: One will have to make Qadha of the day the I’tikaaf broke.

قوله ( أما النفل ) أي الشامل للسنة المؤكدة… لزوم الاعتكاف المسنون بالشروع وإن لزم قضاء جميعه أو باقيه مخرج على قول أبي يوسف أما على قول غيره فيقضي اليوم الذي أفسده لاستقلال كل يوم بنفسه (رد المحتار 2/444-445)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

Mufti Online South Africa

Giving Zakaat to Beggars

Ramadaan, the month of fasting, is also the time when many Muslims calculate and discharge their Zakaat. One of the fundamentals of Zakaat is to discharge Zakaat to eligible recipients. Eligible recipients are Muslims who own less than the Zakaat Nisaab. (Current Zakaat Nisaab in South Africa is +/-R5500.00.)

 

The onus is on the individual to verify the Zakaat eligibility of the recipient.

It is very worrying that many individuals hand over their Zakaat to beggars standing at traffic lights. Many of these individuals are “professional” beggars who make so much money that it is compulsory on them to pay Zakaat, let alone receive it.

 

The general rule when discharging Zakaat is to first give it to needy family members and relatives, then one’s neighbours, then the needy of one’s suburb, city, province, country and so forth in an expanding circle. Zakaat discharged in this manner will have a greater effect in eradicating poverty and want.

 

Individuals experiencing difficulty in discharging their Zakaat may forward their Zakaat to the Jamiat and have their Zakaat discharged to eligible recipients verified by Ulama.

 

Jamiatul Ulama (KZN)
Council of Muslim Theologians
223 Alpine Road, Overport
Durban, South Africa

Attending a Janāzah

By Hadrat Mawlānā Muhammad Saleem Dhorat hafizahullāh 

The journey to the Hereafter is one which almost every person fears, yet we fail to show any concern for our dear and near ones from the time of their demise to after burial. Our condition at such a critical time is worthy of much lament and shame. Rather than our benefitting the deceased in anyway, we return from the funeral with no benefit to ourselves or to the family; in fact we return with increase in the hurt and grief of the family and maybe sin too. This is because we are neglectful and forget the severity of the stages which our beloved ones are soon to reach. Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam has said:

If you were to frequently remember the severer of desires, then I would not see you in this condition [of laughing], therefore excessively remember the severer of desires—death, because not a day passes upon the grave except that it says, ‘I am a place of loneliness, I am a place of solitude, I am a place of dust, I am a place of worms and insects.’ When a believing person is buried, the grave says to him/her, ‘Welcome! You were the most beloved of the people who used to walk over me. Since I have been given control over you and you have come to me, you shall see my treatment with you. The grave then opens up as far as one’s sight can see, and a door towards Jannah is opened for him. When a disbelieving person is buried, the grave says to him/her, ‘Most unwelcome! You were the most hated of the people who used to walk over me. Since I have been given control over you, you shall see how I deal with you.’ The grave then closes upon him until his ribs interlock into each other. Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallaminterlaced his fingers to express this.

‘Seventy serpents are set upon him; if only one was to spit in the world, nothing would grow till the world remains. They will bite him and torment him until he is reckoned.’ Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam also said, “The grave is either a garden from the gardens of Paradise, or a pit from the pits of Hell.” (At-Tirmidhī)

Being oblivious to the crucial phase our beloved is going to be facing, we stand around and dwell on worldly matters, eager for the ‘ordeal’ to end and rush back to business. The hope of remembering the deceased and praying for him in the days to come is farfetched. In fact we do not even take care to utilise the time between the point we leave for the janāzah till we return in reading something and sending its reward to the deceased. Moreover, even in the graveyard we can neither focus our minds towards the matter ahead, nor have the fervour to at the least utilise the time spent waiting to recite a few verses or adhkār and pray for the deceased.

The crux of the problem behind this sad culture of ours is that we are completely neglectful of what is to come after death and attend the funeral only to show our faces to the family or the associates of the deceased. The spirit behind attending a funeral has long vanished from our lives. It is time we set the tables straight, otherwise we will be in no better state when our time comes; we can only anticipate a further decline. Our current attitude to attending a funeral is in need of radical reform as we are in no way benefiting anyone.

When attending a janāzah, a person can benefit three parties; the deceased, the relatives and ourselves.

1. Deceased

The first person to benefit from the funeral is the deceased. Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said:

When a person passes away and forty people who do not ascribe partners with Allāh, perform his/her janāzah salāh, Allāh accepts their intercession on behalf of the deceased (and forgives him/her). (Muslim)  

Obviously, this will only happen if they are all sincere. It is for this reason a large crowd is encouraged and appreciated by the Sharī‘ah, as this gives the probability of forty sincere individuals being present a better chance. If we attend a janāzah and our intentions are only to show our faces, we are not in any way benefitting the deceased as in reality we have not attended. A deed done without sincerity is not accepted and it is as though it does not exist. It is possible that many people have attended a janāzah, yet the large crowd may not comprise of forty sincere people. May Allāh ta‘ālā save us all. Āmīn. In attending the janāzah, our attitude has become to attend merely to get ourselves ticked present. Large crowds of people with such intentions will not help the deceased in anyway. We need to assess our intentions and rectify them if needed. Our prime intention should only be the Pleasure of Allāh ta‘ālā and to seek forgiveness for the deceased; then only the deceased will benefit.

2. Relatives

Another primary objective of attending a funeral is to give moral support to the family and relatives of the deceased which is needed at such times by sharing the grief they are experiencing. Imagine no one turning up to the funeral from the community and associates; an avalanche of sorrow and grief would come hurtling down on the family. The more people that attend, the more comfort the aggrieved feel. It is for this reason special encouragement has been given in regards to attending funerals. Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam has said:

Whoever attends the janāzah and performs the salāh, he will get one qīrāt. And whoever attends the janāzah and remains there until the deceased is buried will get two qīrāt. It was asked; how much is two qīrāt? Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said, ‘Like two great mountains.’ (Muslim) 

By engaging in meeting people and talking and laughing, do we bring comfort to the relatives of the deceased?

3. Ourselves

Attending a janāzah benefits us too. Firstly, we will gain the reward mentioned above. Secondly, a person will find it easy to contemplate over the life Hereafter, the grave, the reckoning and the shortness and uncertainty of this life. A person can take a lesson from the deceased that a little while ago he was amongst us, happy, enjoying himself, healthy, not a sign that the last seconds are ticking away. The same could be for us, and the next bier that is lifted could be ours. A poet says:

No man is aware of his death; provisions of hundred years have been accumulated but one does not know of the next second!

Looking at the deceased and the graves and contemplating upon the stages of the Hereafter will make us realise that we too need to prepare for this inevitable day.

Every person desires comfort in the eternal life. No matter what spiritual condition a person may find himself in, a believer will never say he does not desire the everlasting bliss and bounties Allāh ta‘ālāhas stored for His servants in Jannah. However, the opportunity to succeed in this desire is only until a person is alive; once death sets upon a person this opportunity has slipped from his hands. A dead person himself cannot earn a reward of even one subhānallāh. Therefore, each person should strive for the Hereafter and send forth whatever is possible and leave behind what will benefit him after his demise.

As-sadaqah al-jāriyah is an action from which a person continues to reap rewards even after his death, such as construction of a masjid. Similarly, a person continues to get reward from the knowledge he has left behind in the form of books and students, and also children he nurtured and brought up pious. Other than this a person will not be able to do anything for himself after death.

Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam has said:

When a person dies, his deeds cease [he does not attain any reward] except for three: as-sadaqah al-jāriyah, knowledge (he left behind) from which benefit is derived, and a pious child who prays for him. (Muslim)

So, earn for yourself as much as possible, as in this day and age we cannot rely on others to pray or send reward. One only has to contemplate and think how much he remembers his own near and dear ones and sends reward for them.  Let alone remembering our deceased after many days have passed, let us just take a glimpse at our condition when a loved one from our own house has departed. Seldom will you find a son who will immediately spend some form of charity within an hour of his father’s demise; the thought of making some provision for him before he reaches the grave does not even cross his mind. Relatives and friends will gather and talk of the deceased person’s merits and qualities, but they will not take the trouble of spending money or reciting some supplications or adhkār to send the reward to the deceased. A little assessment of our reaction and behaviour at someone’s funeral will be sufficient for us to make an analogy of what we can expect from people for ourselves.  Therefore, the most imperative point for every person is to make an earnest effort for his own Hereafter.

Let us correct our objectives and intentions of attending the janāzah. Inshā’allāh, the sad situation of seeing people wasting time, gossiping about worldly matters, laughing, and being insensitive of the phase the deceased is about to face will all change. Furthermore, if we make an effort from now and change this appalling current culture, then not only will we benefit others, but most importantly we will benefit ourselves, as when our time comes people will only act according to what has become the culture. May Allāh ta‘ālā grant us the tawfīq. Āmīn.

© Riyādul Jannah (Vol. 23 No. 2, Feb 2014)

THERE IS NOTHING EQUAL TO FASTING IN REWARD

Question

Is this authentic?

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘You must fast, for there is nothing equal to it in reward’

Answer

Imam Nasai (rahimahullah) has recorded this Hadith on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Umamah (radiyallahu ‘anhu) who asked Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), ‘Inform me of some deed which I can do’. Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘Hold on to fasting, for there is nothing like it’

(Sunan Nasai, Al Mujtaba, Hadith: 2220)

Hafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) has declared the chain of narrators of Imam Nasai authentic.

(Fathul Bari, under Hadith: 1894)

Imam Ibn Hibban (rahimahumallah) have also declared a longer version of this Hadith authentic. This version goes on to mention that ‘[Since then] smoke would never be seen during the day at the home of Sayyiduna Abu Umamah (radiyallahu ‘anhu) except if he had guests [implying that he would never cook food during the day since he was fasting]’

(Sahih Ibn Hibban; Al Ihsan, Hadith: 3425. Also  see Footnotes of Shaykh Muhammad ‘Awwamah on Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, Hadith: 8988)

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

Hadith Answers South Africa

Do not be a Deprived One 

عن عبادة بن الصامت رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال يوما وحضر رمضان أتاكم رمضان شهر بركة يغشاكم الله فيه فينزل الرحمة ويحط الخطايا ويستجيب فيه الدعاء ينظر الله تعالى إلى تنافسكم فيه ويباهي بكم ملائكته فأروا الله من أنفسكم خيرا فإن الشقي من حرم فيه رحمة الله عز و جل رواه الطبراني ورواته ثقات إلا أن محمد بن قيس لا يحضرني فيه جرح ولا تعديل (الترغيب و الترهيب رقم 1490

Hadhrat ‘Ubaadah bin Saamit (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that on one occasion close to Ramadhaan, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) addressed the Sahaabah saying: “Ramadhaan, the month full of blessings is about to dawn upon you. It is in this month wherein Allah Ta’ala turns His special mercies towards you, forgives your sins, accepts your duaas and supplications, looks at your vying with each other in carrying out good deeds (to please Allah Ta’ala) and boasts to His angels about you. Hence, show Allah Ta’ala your works of piety and righteousness. For certainly the most unfortunate one is the one who is deprived of the mercy of Allah Ta’ala in this blessed month.”

Ihyaauddeen